The main objective of the present investigation has been to build a simulation model, with panel data, so as to design future scenarios based on different policy actions towards poverty reduction in Africa. The analysis has been based on the premise that demographic changes in the age structure of a population can have an impact on the economic outcome. In this sense, analysing the different periods of the demographic transition in a country can help in understanding, anticipating, and identifying plausible scenarios that can either be threatening situations or windows of opportunity. Hence, in order to obtain a desirable future for the Sub-Saharan region in which the living conditions are substantially improved, a precise course of action that is adapted to each country’s characteristics and necessities is of the essence.
Image: ©IRD - Tiphaine Chevallier