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Nopoor Policy Brief Nr.45: SUPPLY OR DEMAND? HOW POLITICS INFLUENCES THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT IN RAJASTHAN

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NREGS in India, the largest rural employment scheme in the world, has played an important role in revitalising the labour market in rural areas. It has led to the creation of a class of workers who are using the scheme as a safety net, and these workers are also able to use it as a bargaining tool for extraction of higher wag-es. Given the fluctuations in the employment generated and the overall effec-tiveness of the programme in reducing rural poverty in the last 5 years, this re-search examines the political dynamics behind the implementation of national programmes in several ways, focusing on political competition as well as the role of elected representatives. Better policy design will be enabled by this re-search.

Image: Boulvert, Yves