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Local institutional structure and clientelistic access to employment: the case of MGNREGS in three states of India

Type of the publication: 

This work is a contribution, rst, toward measuring and characterizing some features of rural clientelistic institutions and then toward exploring its impact on household access to an employment scheme (MGNREGS programme in India). We focus on patron-client relationship and the presence and intensity of that: i.e., on the nature and distribution of power in the rural society based on the data on personalized day-to-day interactions of the households residing in a village in economic, social and political spheres. We formulate a theoretical model to predict that the patrons use MGNREGS employment to secure political support of their respective clients.

Image: © IRD - Barrière, Olivier