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About the University of Oxford

As the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. During the 20th and early 21st centuries, Oxford added to its humanistic core a major new research capacity in the natural and applied sciences, including medicine. In so doing, it has enhanced and strengthened its traditional role as an international focus for learning and a forum for intellectual debate.

The University of Oxford (UOXF) is an independent and self-governing institution, consisting of the central University and the Colleges. Oxford has students from more than 140 countries and a student population of over twenty thousand. Over a third comes from outside the United Kingdom.

About CSAE

The Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) is an economic research centre within the Department of Economics at the University of Oxford. CSAE carries out economic research with a particular focus on Africa. Its aim is to improve economic and social conditions in the poorest societies. CSAE researchers often use unique data which give them unrivalled insight into the underlying issues. The resulting policy recommendations address questions in the economic and political spheres as well as in civil society in developing countries.

The CSAE’s work has played a major part in making Oxford University’s Department of Economics receive the highest ranking of all UK university Economics’ departments for its academic research during the latest independent evaluation.


This CSAE project 'States and Political Systems' is known to NOPOOR as Work Package 8 (WP8) of the NOPOOR Project of the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union.

CSAE key staff members

Paul Collier is Professor of Economics and Director of the Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford University. His research covers the causes and consequences of civil war; the effects of aid and the problems of democracy in low-income and natural-resources rich societies. He was Director of the Research Development Department of the World Bank in 1998-2003. In 2008 Paul was awarded a CBE ‘for services to scholarship and development’. He is the author of The Bottom Billion, which in 2008 won the Lionel Gelber, Arthur Ross and Corine prices and in May 2009 was the joint winner of the Estoril Global Issues Distinguished Book price. Paul is currently Advisor to the Strategy and Policy Department of the IMF, advisor to the Africa Region of the World Bank; and he has advised the British Government on its recent White Paper on economic development policy. He has been writing a monthly column for the Independent, and also writes for the New York Times, the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post.     

Anke Hoeffler is a research officer at the Centre for the Study of African Economies and a research fellow at St. Antony's College, University of Oxford. Her research focuses on the macroeconomics of developing countries, the economics of conflict and political economy. She has published a range of papers on causes of war, military expenditure, post-conflict economies, the effect of aid and the problems of democracy in low-income and natural-resource-rich societies

Both researchers have extensive experience in collaborative projects and have an outstanding publication record. Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler are both currently ranked among the top three percent of European economists due to their publications (according to RePEc, Research Papers in Economics Group, University of Connecticut).

Relevant references

Collier P. & Hoeffler A., 2009, «Testing the Neocon Agenda: Democracy in Resource-Rich Societies», European Economic Review 53(3): 293-308.

Collier P., 2007, The Bottom Billion: Why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it. 2007, Oxford University Press.

Collier P., 2010, The Plundered Planet: Why We Must and How We Can Manage The World’s Natural Resources to Ensure Global Prosperity, Oxford University Press.

Collier P., 2009, Wars, Guns and Votes: Democracy in Dangerous Places. Bodley Head.

Collier P. & Söderbom M., 2008, «Post-Conflict Risks», Journal of Peace Research 45(4), 461-478