The Nopoor project, in collaboration with UNESCO will organize a Round Table on "Measuring poverty and beyond", as part of the programme of the 3RD Nopoor Summer School which will be held at Paris-Dauphine University in Paris, France, from 26 June to 1 July 2015. The Nopoor consortium gathers many Northern and Southern institutions having a large experience in training at graduate and doctoral level. It offers the opportunity to diffuse new knowledge in the different disciplines represented in the project (economics, statistics, sociology, law, political sciences, and demography) and expertise about some technics as statistics and surveys.
This training and capacity building expertise will be used and developed in the framework of the 3RD NOPOOR Summer School, which will focus on the topic "Measuring Poverty on a Multidisciplinary Basis".
NOPOOR – UNESCO round table “Measuring poverty and beyond”, Wednesday 1st July 2015, 14:00-17:00, room ” Raymond Aron”, University Paris Dauphine
Maia Green (University of Manchester)
Tomoki Fujii (SMU, Singapore)
Hai-Anh H. Dang (World Bank)
Silvia Montoya (Director, UNESCO Institute for Statistics)
Moderator: John Crowley (UNESCO MOST programme)
For more information access the link of the event created on the UNESCO official website here.
So how it went ?
After a brief introduction by John Crowley, he orientated the discussion into three questions which he thought was relevant considering the current issues regarding the measuring poverty.
Why do we mean by poverty?
How to measure poverty?
Why does any of this matter?
The first speaker Hai-Anh H.Dang presented his research: Poverty Measurements without full consumption data: potentially promising directions. He presented a very novel and technical viewpoint about poverty measurement which face several issues regarding household survey consumption data. Indeed, these data are not frequently collected and it remains difficult to be able to work on high quality datasets. Hai-Anh H.Dang provide a new method based on imputation-based poverty estimates and construct synthetic panel data to study poverty dynamics.
Second speaker : Tomoki Fujii: Dynamic poverty Decomposition Analysis : an application to the Philippines. He presented a new method of poverty decomposition. While it is essentially an accounting exercise which is not new, he suggest significant improvements compared to existing methods. To support his research, he provide an empirical application to the case of Philippines from 1985 to 2005. His results show that the reduction of poverty in Philippines can be mainly attributed to growth. However, by decomposing the factors of this reduction (or increase) into growth and redistribution, he found that the growth effected is cancelled by the increase in inequality.
Maia Green, being an anthropologist, highlighted the importance of qualitative measurement as a complement to quantitative methods which can fail to capture some aspects of poverty. Furthermore, she reminded the importance of purposes, actors and political motivation regarding the current fight against poverty.
At last, Silvia Montoya of the UNESCO Institute of Statistics pointed out the challenges of measuring poverty in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals and the post 2015 agenda. As poverty is a multi-dimensional concept, the needs for reliable data from a variety of sources at local level (surveys, censuses, panel data) is essential to construct efficient policies which can be targeting specific aspect of poverty such as education, income, health. She detailed multiple examples of such interventions and put them into comparisons.
A discussion conducted by the moderator John Crowley followed the presentations. It included several questions to the speakers and a debate animated by the students of the Nopoor Summer School as well as the other attendants of the round table from various background.