The European Commission - EuropeAid in particular has an important role to play in ensuring that the EU is effectively represented internationally in development policy matters.
The role of the EU on the international scene is set out in the Commission's prerogatives under Article 17 of the Treaty on the European Union.
Today, 1.5 billion people live in fragile and conflict-affected states (FCAS). The world’s poorest populations are increasingly concentrated in fragile countries, and these countries remain the farthest away from meeting the Millennium Development Goals.
European policy on financing development
The international partnership to mobilise more financing for sustainable development was set out in the 2002 Monterrey Consensus, and further elaborated at the Doha Follow-up International Conference on Financing for Development (the Doha Declaration 2008 )
EU development policy seeks to eradicate poverty in a context of sustainable development. It is a cornerstone of EU relations with the outside world – alongside foreign, security and trade policy (and international aspects of other policies like environment, agriculture and fisheries).
Providing over 50% of all global development aid, the EU is the world's leading donor.
Where nuclear energy is produced, where nuclear power plants are decommissioned and where nuclear waste is stored, safety is of the utmost importance: Accidents such as those that occurred in Chernobyl and Fukushima have provided powerful reminders. The European Commission therefore fosters a high level of nuclear safety, radiation protection and efficient and effective safeguards in partner countries worldwide.
The EU’s partnership with the people of Zimbabwe is longstanding. Since Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, the EU has provided development assistance to the country. The introduction of the measures in 2002 has not resulted in a reduction of EU development assistance; rather, the provision of assistance was directed solely through non-government channels.
A large landlocked country with a highly urbanised population, Zambia’s economy is still based on mining and agriculture. After the economic stagnation of the 1990s, growth has accelerated – largely due to the rapid expansion of mining - mostly copper. However, the overall good performance of the economy (5.7% growth average over 2002-2012) has not translated into any significant drop in poverty and the level of income disparity is one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ugandan economy. Moderate economic growth since the 1990s has brought about progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and has improved the country's key social indicators, in particular those for health and education.
Le Togo a une superficie de 56,785 km² et une population de 5,7 millions d'habitants avec un taux de croissance annuel de 2,58%. Suite aux élections législatives de 2007 et à l'accord de politique globale de 2010, l'UE a repris la coopération, avec le Togo.
Stable political leadership has kept Tanzania out of numerous conflicts afflicting a number of neighbouring countries. Tanzania's income levels, however, are still amongst the lowest in Africa. Infant and maternal mortality rates remain amongst the highest in the world, literacy rates are low and more than one third of all children under five are malnourished.
The Country Strategy Paper for Swaziland (2008-2013), which presents the strategic framework for the cooperation of the European Commission (EC) with Swaziland under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF), focuses on the promotion of human development through support to the health and education sector as well as on the improvement of water supply, sanitation and irrigation in order to improve living standards of the rural population.
EU development assistance formally resumed under the 9th European Development Fund (2000-7) following a 15-year assistance suspension. 9th EDF implementation began in 2005, immediately after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).
The events of 15 December 2013 and beyond, which pushed South Sudan into armed conflict only two and a half years after independence, have drastically changed the prospects for the world’s newest country. This devastating conflict is causing immense human suffering and has resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands, the displacement of two million people and appalling violations of international humanitarian law and human rights.