A British Overseas Territory located south of Cuba and east of Jamaica, the Cayman Islands consists of three islands: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman and Cayman Brac. These cover a total surface area of 259 km² with a population of 55,456. The capital is George Town (on the island of Grand Cayman). Tourism and the financial sector are the pillars of the economy.
A British Overseas Territory, the British Virgin Islands are located in the Caribbean, 80 km east from Porto Rico. The territory has 47 islands, 16 of which are inhabited. The islands have a total surface area of 153 km² and the capital is Road Town (on the island of Tortola). The total population of the British Virgin Islands is estimated at 28,213.
Tourism – the driving force of the economy and the financial services industry – helps make British Virgin Islands’ economy one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean.
A Dutch Overseas Country and Territory located to the north of Venezuela, Bonaire has a total area of 294 km². Its population is around 16,000. The capital is Kralendijk. Tourism is Bonaire’s economic mainstay. Agricultural activities are of bigger importance than in other islands in the region, while public administration is the biggest employer.
A British Overseas Territory located in the Western Atlantic, Bermuda has eight main islands and 130 smaller ones, with a total land area of 53.3 km². Its capital is Hamilton. In 2009, the total population of Bermuda stood at approximately 67,722.
Since January 2014, Bermuda decided to join the Overseas Association Decision laying down the detailed arrangements of OCT-EU relations. Prior to this date, the Overseas Association Decision has not been applied at the specific request of Bermuda itself.
The EU cooperates with Belarus in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy. Policies pursued by President Lukashenka's regime prevent the EU from offering Belarus full participation in the Eastern Partnership.
All programmes funded by the EU are to the benefit of Belarusian people at large and include significant support to civil society.
The EU is assisting the government of Bangladesh in its priorities of developing the economy whilst addressing social exclusion and poverty. The EU has earmarked a €403 million sum to the country 2007-13.
The EU cooperates with Azerbaijan in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. The key goal is to bring Azerbaijan closer to the EU.
A Dutch Overseas Country and Territory in the southern Caribbean, Aruba is located north of Venezuela, outside the Caribbean hurricane belt. The surface area of Aruba is 180 km² and its population stands at 101,484. Its capital is Oranjestad. Within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba has country status alongside the Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint-Maarten. It separated from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. Its economy is mainly oriented towards tourism and offshore financial services, oil refining and transhipment industries.
The EU cooperates with Armenia in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. The key goal is to bring Armenia closer to the EU.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the key EU financial instrument dedicated to the Neighbourhood for the period 2014-2020. It replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) of 2007-2013. Other funding sources are the thematic programmes, focused on human rights and civil society.
A British Overseas Territory located in the northern part of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean region, Anguilla has a surface area of 132 km² and a population of 16,318. Its capital is The Valley. Anguilla’s small economy depends on tourism, international finance, construction, fishing and public services.
The 10th European Development Fund (2008-13) allocates €11.7 million to Anguilla as general budget support.
The EU finances development initiatives in three states in the Gulf region: Yemen, Iraq and Iran according to the different individual political contexts and economic and social circumstances of each country.
Areas of support are: humanitarian assistance, human rights, good governance, capacity building, food security, health, social protection, economic development and livelihoods.
Forty-eight sub-Saharan African countries – including Indian Ocean nations – belong to the EU's comprehensive Cotonou Agreement (2000-20). This covers different types of cooperation including: development initiatives, trade and economic exchanges and cooperation of a more political nature.
The OCTs are 25 countries and territories, which have special links with one of the following Member States: Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
The relation between the EU and the OCTs is based on EU law, not on the constitutional law of the Member State. For instance, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon was previously an overseas department under French constitutional law, but has always been considered an OCT under EU law (and not an outermost region). Their nationals are in principle EU citizens.
Reducing disparities between people, promoting sustainable development, addressing climate change and advancing higher education and research are the main objectives of the EU’s cooperation with the 18 Latin American countries.
Region-wide programmes in these sectors are open to all Latin American countries, including Cuba. Latin American countries benefit from bi-lateral assistance. The EU is also delivering aid to regional groups - MERCOSUR, the Andean Community of Nations and Central America.
The EU and Central Asia have shown a growing mutual interest in closer political and economic relations. EU's cooperation with the region covers five countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. There is political dialogue and cooperation at both regional and national levels.
Development assistance focuses on good governance, higher education, vocational education and training, promotion of economic development, sustainable energy, environmental sustainability and water, as well as on combating common threats and challenges.
Europe has strong historic and cultural ties with the Caribbean region, and a long tradition of close cooperation. The EU's relations with Caribbean countries are based on political relations, trade and development funding at both national and regional levels. The ACP-EU Cotonou Agreement in 2000, signed by 15 Caribbean nations, is the framework for cooperation.